Clara Barton personally led early relief efforts of the American Red Cross. Her work at sites of natural and man-made disaster convinced the International Red Cross to adopt this idea as the American Amendment to the Treaty of Geneva.

1881 Michigan forest fires
1882 Mississippi River floods
1883 Tornadoes in Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi
1883 84 Floods of Mississippi and Ohio Rivers
1886 Charleston, South Carolina earthquake
1887 Texas famine
1888 Tornado at Mt. Vernon, Illinois
1888 Florida yellow fever epidemic
1889 Johnstown, Pennsylvania flood
1892 Russian famine
1893 Tornado at Pomeroy, Iowa
1893 Hurricane and tidal wave, South Carolina islands
1896 Armenian massacre in Turkey
1898 Spanish-American War in Cuba
1900 Galveston, Texas storm and tidal wave
1904 Typhoid fever epidemic in Butler, Pennsylvania


Kids: How old was Clara during the Spanish-American War?

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Protecting the Red Cross Insignia

Clara Barton fought the unauthorized use of the Red Cross insignia and name by businesses and individuals with no association to the American Red Cross or for commercial gain and fraudulent purposes. The first Federal incorporation of the American Red Cross passed Congress in 1900, prohibiting the misuse of the insignia or false representations of the organization.
Paper. H 35.7, W 21.8 cm
Clara Barton National Historic Site, CLBA 48

Manuscript resolution for the protection of the Red Cross insignia